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    New Jersey Restrictions

    New Jersey

    DISCLAIMER: K-Var will not modify a firearm from its manufactured packaging in order to make it compliant for state laws. K-Var will not ship firearms to a third party to be modified or changed in any way from manufactured specifications. All purchased firearms must be compliant “as is” from the manufacturer before the item(s) will ship. Information regarding State and local restrictions, laws and ordinances presented on this page are generalized summations of the above named State’s law, provided for customer convince. Laws and ordinances for firearms, ammunition, and certain other items are however, subject to change, without notice. It is the responsibility of the customer to know his or her own State and local restrictions.

    State Regulations

    Subject Matter

    Rifle / Shotgun


    Relevant Statute

    General Description

    State Permit Required to Purchase



    N.J. Stat. Ann. § 2C:58-3f

    A lifetime purchaser identification card is required for purchase of rifles and shotguns, as well as for purchases of handgun ammunition. A permit to purchase a handgun, valid for 90 days is required for each handgun purchase. Only one handgun can be purchased within a 30-day period. According to state law, purchase permits/ identification cards are supposed to be granted on a Shall-Issue basis, but in practice many issuing authorities require the applicant to justify the need for a firearm before granting approval for the permit/ID card.

    State Firearm Registration



    N.J. Stat. Ann. § 2C:39

    The NJ State Police Firearms Investigation Unit (NJSP FIU) maintains a record of all handgun transfers, except for inherited firearms willed to the transferee, or firearms brought to the state by new residents moving to the state. Firearm registration is voluntary, but since handgun purchase permits are also a form of register, there is de facto mandatory handgun registration for handguns purchased in-state. Purchases by NJ residents must either be from a licensed dealer in NJ or a private individual who is a resident of NJ. In both dealer purchases and private sales, a copy of the purchase permit is sent to the NJSP FIU. A NICS background check at the point of sale is only required for purchases from dealers.

    State Preemption of Local Restrictions




    There is limited state preemption for some firearm laws.

    Assault Weapon Restrictions



    N.J. Stat. Ann. § 2C:39-1

    New Jersey prohibits the possession of certain named firearms or ""substantially identical"" firearms deemed to be assault firearms, including possession of parts from which an assault firearm may be readily assembled. Firearms classed as assault firearms but acquired before May 1, 1990 and registered with the state are legal to possess. Police officers may possess assault weapons for duty purposes and may possess personal assault weapons with recommendation by their agency.

    NFA Weapon Restrictions



    N.J. Stat. Ann. §2C:39-3 a-c; § 2C:58-5

    Possession of short barreled rifles, short barreled shotguns, destructive devices, and suppressors are prohibited to the average citizen. Law is silent on AOWs. Possession of a machine gun requires a state license, which is granted on a may issue basis by a county superior court judge.

    Magazine Capacity Restrictions



    N.J. Stat. Ann. § 2C:39-1y

    Magazines are limited to 15 rounds for semi-automatic firearms and 6 rounds for semi-automatic shotguns.

    Prohibited Items


    Semi-automatic rifles that are capable of receiving a detachable magazine and has at least TWO of the following features: 1) Folding / telescoping stock, 2) Pistol grip, 3) Bayonet lug, 4) Flash suppressor, 5) Threaded barrel, 6) Grenade/Flare launcher.

    Rifles with a magazine capacity exceeding 15 rounds.


    A semi-automatic shotgun with either a magazine capacity exceeding six rounds, a folding stock or a pistol grip.


    Semi-automatic handguns that have the ability to accept a detachable magazine and at least TWO of the following features: 1) Magazine that attaches outside of the pistol grip, 2) Threaded barrel, 3) Barrel shroud, 4) Manufactured weight of 50oz or more when the pistol is unloaded, 5) Semi-automatic version of an automatic


    Accessories / Ammunition

    Magazines exceeding 15 rounds.

    Handgun Ammunition Qualifier: Handgun ammunition is defined by NJ Law as ammunition specifically designed to be used only in a handgun. For purchase of handgun ammunition, the purchaser must present a valid firearms purchasers identification card, a valid permit to purchase a handgun, or a valid permit to carry a handgun.

    No stun guns or TASERs

    No defense sprays

    LAW ENFORCMENT: There are currently NO EXCEPTIONS for law enforcement for non-compliant rifles, shotguns, handguns, or hi-cap magazines exceeding 15 rounds. Stun guns, TASERs, and Defense Spray are legal for LE if officer is exempted from statute by NJ Attorney General

    SUBSTANTIALLY SIMILAR RESTRICTION: New Jersey list of specified, prohibited / banned ""Assault Weapons"", to include any firearm manufactured under any designation which is substantially identical to any of the firearms listed below:

    Algimec AGM1 type

    Any shotgun with a revolving cylinder such as the ""Street Sweeper"" or ""Striker 12""

    Armalite AR-180 type

    Australian Automatic Arms SAR

    Avtomat Kalashnikov type semi-automatic firearms

    Beretta AR-70 and BM59 semi-automatic firearms

    Bushmaster Assault Rifle

    Calico M-900 Assault carbine and M-900

    CETME G3

    Chartered Industries of Singapore SR-88 type

    Colt AR-15 and CAR-15 series

    Daewoo K-1, K-2, Max 1 and Max 2, AR 100 types

    Demro TAC-1 carbine type

    Encom MP-9 and MP-45 carbine types

    FAMAS MAS223 types

    FN-FAL, FN-LAR, or FN-FNC type semi-automatic firearms

    Franchi SPAS 12 and LAW 12 shotguns

    G3SA type

    Galil type Heckler and Koch HK91, HK93, HK94, MP5, PSG-1

    Intratec TEC 9 and 22 semi-automatic firearms

    M1 carbine type

    M14S type

    MAC 10, MAC 11, MAC 11-9mm carbine type firearms

    PJK M-68 carbine type

    Plainfield Machine Company Carbine

    Ruger K-Mini-14/5F and Mini-14/5RF

    SIG AMT, SIG 550SP, SIG 551SP, SIG PE-57 types

    SKS with detachable magazine type

    Spectre Auto carbine type

    Springfield Armory BM59 and SAR-48 type

    Sterling MK-6, MK-7 and SAR types

    Steyr A.U.G. semi-automatic firearms

    USAS 12 semi-automatic type shotgun

    Uzi type semi-automatic firearms

    Valmet M62, M71S, M76, or M78 type semi-auto firearms

    Weaver Arm Nighthawk